Parenteral Nutrition (PN) is the replacement of a person’s usual oral diet with an intravenous solution that most often contains the three substrates: protein, carbohydrates (sugar), and fat. Additionally, parenteral nutrition may include electrolytes, trace elements, vitamins, and potentially insulin based on the glycemic control of individual patients. There are many reasons why someone may need to be on an infusion yet most commonly it is due to an inaccessible or non-functioning gut.
Some patients are on PN for a period of time and then return to an oral diet, while others may stay on PN therapy for an extended period of time. Your PN solution will be custom tailored to meet your specific nutritional needs, and may even change from time to time to best meet those needs based on your individual response to therapy. Your nurse or Vital Care pharmacist will talk to you about the specific PN your doctor has prescribed. They will answer any questions you have about the solution and the equipment used to infuse the PN solution.